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Our long-term overview

Year 5 Maths Expectations


By the end of Year 5, your child should:

  • Interpret negative numbers in context
  • Read Roman numerals to 1000, including years
  • Recognise and use square and cube numbers, and know the notation
  • Use rounding to check answers and determine accuracy
  • Identify multiples and factors, including finding factor pairs and common factors
  • Use vocabulary: prime numbers, prime factors and composite numbers
  • Know prime numbers up to 19
  • Multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 or 1000, including decimals
  • Use long multiplication for multiplying numbers of up to 4 digits by one or two digits
  • Divide numbers using standard written short division
  • Convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions
  • Compare and order fractions whose denominators are multiples of the same number
  • Identify, name and write equivalent fractions including tenths and hundredths
  • Add and subtract fractions with denominators that are multiples of the same number
  • Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers with support
  • Read and write decimal numbers as fractions
  • Round decimals with 2 decimals places to whole number or to one decimal place
  • Read, write, order and compare numbers with up to 3 decimal places
  • Recognise % symbol and explain as a fraction with denominator 100 (parts out of 100)
  • Understand and use common approximate conversions between metric and imperial
  • Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes
  • Calculate the area of rectangles, and estimate the area of irregular shapes
  • Use the properties of rectangles to find missing lengths and angles
  • Distinguish between regular and irregular polygons
  • Identify 3-d shapes from 2-d representations
  • Know angles are measured in degrees and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
  • Draw and measure angles to the nearest degree
  • Identify angles at a point, in a turn and on a straight line
  • Describe and represent the result of a reflection or translation
  • Complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables